Up to 50% of the population is affected by venous disease—abnormal functioning of the superficial or deep venous system that causes tortuous and dilated veins to appear. Although both men and women suffer from varicose veins, women are the most affected, the ratio being 60%/40%. Varicose veins and spider veins are often a spontaneous problem that is not necessarily related to an injury or a predisposition, and are often mainly caused by pregnancy or genetics. This said, age, a previous injury to the lower limb or phlebitis may contribute to the appearance of venous disease.
Those with venous disease usually suffer from heaviness and leg pain, swelling and fatigue. When the legs tend to swell during the day, the skin may become itchy, especially at night. The assessment of the venous insufficiency should be performed by a trained professional to properly control the disease. As little as 30 years ago, the appearance of varicose veins and varicosities meant the end of skirts and the beginning of a life condemned to wearing trousers and compression stockings. Fortunately, today there are effective treatments and your doctor will explain them to you during the consultation.